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OLIMPIADE MATEMATIKA SD/MI, SMP/MTs, DAN SMA/MA SE-JAWA TIMUR

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Olimpiade Matematika 18

HMPS Pendidikan Matematika Universitas Jember

Tema

Show Your Intelligence to be The Next Champion in Mathematics Olympiad 2014

(Tunjukkan Inteligensimu untuk Menjadi Juara Selanjutnya pada Olimpiade Matematika)

Waktu dan Tempat Pelaksanaan

Babak penyisihan Olimpiade Matematika SD/MI, SMP/MTs, dan SMA/MA se-Jawa Timur

hari, tanggal     : Minggu, 2 Februari 2014

tempat             :

    1. Rayon Jember : Gedung III FKIP UNEJ
Jl. Kalimantan III No. 37
Kampus Tegal Boto, Jember
2. Rayon Banyuwangi : SMAN 1 Glagah
Jl. Melati No. 1 ,Glagah, Banyuwangi
3. Rayon Bondowoso : SMPN 1 Bondowoso
Jl. Letnan Karsono No.03, Bondowoso
4. Rayon Situbondo : SMPN 1 Panji
Jl. Basuki Rahmat No. 261, Bondowoso
5. Rayon Lumajang : SMAN 2 Lumajang
Jl.HOS Cokroaminoto No. 176, Lumajang
6. Rayon Probolinggo : SMPN 1 Probolinggo
Jl. Imam Bonjol No. 49, Probolinggo
7. Rayon Pasuruan : SMAN 1 Bangil
Jl. Bader No. 3 ,Bangil,Pasuruan

waktu              : 07.00 WIB ─ 17.00 WIB

Babak semifinal dan final Olimpiade Matematika SD/MI se-Jawa Timur

hari, tanggal     : Sabtu, 08 Februari 2014

tempat              : Gedung III  FKIP – Universitas Jember

waktu               : 07.00 WIB ─ 17.00 WIB

Babak semifinal dan final Olimpiade Matematika SMP/MTs dan SMA/MA se-Jawa Timur

hari, tanggal     : Minggu, 09 Februari 2014

tempat             : Gedung III  FKIP – Universitas Jember

waktu              : 07.00 WIB ─ 17.00 WIB

Ketentuan Peserta

Peserta Olimpiade Matematika SD/MI , SMP/MTs dan SMA/MA se-Jawa Timur :

  1. Peserta adalah siswa SD/MI atau sederajat dan SMP/MTs atau SMA/MA sederajat se-Jawa Timur.
  2. Delegasi masing-masing sekolah tidak dibatasi.
  3. Masing-masing peserta dikenai biaya dengan rincian sebagai berikut :
    i.     Tingkat SD/MI                         : Rp 35.000,00

            ii.    Tingkat SMP/MTs                     : Rp 45.000,00

            iii.   Tingkat SMA/MA                       : Rp 55.000,00

  1. Peserta menyerahkan
    *surat aktif sekolah dan pengantar dari sekolah
    atau
    *Kartu Pelajar
    atau
    *Fotocopy Lembar Identitas Raport
  2. Peserta menyerahkan pas foto ukuran  3 x 4 sebanyak 3 lembar.
  3. Semua persyaratan diserahkan saat mendaftar.
  4. Peserta memakai seragam sekolah pada saat pelaksanaan lomba.

Pendaftaran

  1. Pendaftaran dimulai pada tanggal 01 Januari 2014 – 31 Januari 2014.
    NB: apabila peserta mendaftar melebihi batas waktu yang telah ditentukan, maka konsekuensinya peserta tidak akan mendapat fasilitas yang diberikan pada saat daftar ulang.
  2. Pendaftaran dapat melalui:
  • Kepanitiaan Olimpiade Matematika 2014 dengan alamat Jl. Kalimantan 37 Kampus Tegalboto Gedung III FKIP Universitas Jember (68121) pada hari senin – sabtu  pukul 08.00 – 15.00 WIB
  • Transfer ke rekening:

    Bank Mandiri Syariah Jember atas nama FRISCA ULFI RISMAYANI dengan nomor rekening 7064084137

    Konfirmasi melalui sms kepada FRISCA ULFI RISMAYANI 08990592777 dan mengisi formulir pendaftaran melalui website msc.fkip.unej.org dengan mencantumkan nama pendamping, nama siswa, dan nomor bukti transaksi

Hadiah

Juara tingkat SMA/MA

Juara I:

  • Piala Bergilir Gubernur Jawa Timur
  • Piala Rektor Universitas Jember
  • Tabanas sebesar Rp. 1.500.000
  • Piagam penghargaan
  • Bingkisan

Juara II:

  • Piala Bupati Jember
  • Tabanas sebesar Rp. 1.250.000
  • Piagam Penghargaan
  • Bingkisan

Juara III:

  • Piala Dekan  FKIP Universitas Jember
  • Tabanas  sebesar Rp. 1.000.000,00
  • Piagam Penghargaan
  • Bingkisan

Juara Harapan I, II, dan III :

  • Trophy
  • Piagam Penghargaan
  • Bingkisan

Juara Harapan VII,VIII, IX, dan X

  • Vandel
  • Piagam Penghargaan
  • Bingkisan

Juara tingkat SMP/MTs

Juara I :

  • Piala Bergilir Gubernur Jawa Timur
  • Piala Rektor Universitas Jember
  • Tabanas sebesar Rp 1.250.000,00
  • Piagam penghargaan
  • Bingkisan

Juara II :

  • Piala Bupati Jember
  • Tabanas sebesar Rp 1.000.000,00
  • Piagam Penghargaan
  • Bingkisan

Juara III :

  • Piala Dekan FKIP Universitas Jember
  • Tabanas sebesar Rp 750.000,00
  • Piagam Penghargaan
  • Bingkisan

Juara Harapan I, II, dan III :

  • Trophy
  • Piagam Penghargaan
  • Bingkisan

Juara Harapan VII,VIII, IX, dan X

  • Vandel
  • Piagam Penghargaan
  • Bingkisan

Juara tingkat SD/MI

Juara I :

  • Piala Bergilir Gubernur Jawa Timur
  • Piala Rektor Universitas Jember
  • Tabanas sebesar Rp 1.000.000,00
  • Piagam penghargaan
  • Bingkisan

Juara II :

  • Piala Bupati Jember
  • Tabanas sebesar Rp 750.000,00
  • Piagam Penghargaan
  • Bingkisan

Juara III :

  • Piala Dekan  FKIP Universitas Jember
  • Tabanas  sebesar Rp 500.000,00
  • Piagam Penghargaan
  • Bingkisan

Juara Harapan I, II, dan III

  • Trophy
  • Piagam Penghargaan
  • Bingkisan

Juara Harapan VII,VIII, IX, dan X

  • Vandel
  • Piagam Penghargaan
  • Bingkisan

Informasi lebih lanjut dapat diakses melalui :

email              : olimpiademsc@gmail.com

facebook         : OLIMPIADE MATEMATIKA MSC UNEJ

twitter              : OM_MSC2014

contact person  : 0899052777 ( Frisca ) atau 085655944114 ( Finda )

formulir pendaftaran :

brosurdpanbrosurblkgSEGERA DAFTAR YAAAA !!!!!

10 Coolest Mathematics Results

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Many people are put off by the obscure symbols and strict rules of math, giving up on a problem as soon as they see both numbers and letters involved. But while math may be dense and difficult at times, the results it can prove are sometimes beautiful, mind-boggling, or just plain unexpected. Results like:

 

10 . The 4-Color Theorem

Usa

 

The 4-Color Theorem was first discovered in 1852 by a man named Francis Guthrie, who at the time was trying to color in a map of all the counties of England (this was before the internet was invented, there wasn’t a lot to do). He discovered something interesting—he only needed a maximum of four colors to ensure that no counties that shared a border were colored the same. Guthrie wondered whether or not this was true of any map, and the question became a mathematical curiosity that went unsolved for years.

In 1976 (over a century later), this problem was finally solved by Kenneth Appel and Wolfgang Haken. The proof they found was quite complex and relied in part on a computer, but it states that in any political map (say of the States) only four colors are needed to color each individual State so that no States of the same color are ever in contact.

 

 

9. Brouwer’s Fixed Point Theorem

Mainpic134

 

This theorem comes from a branch of math known as Topology, and was discovered by Luitzen Brouwer. While its technical expression is quite abstract, it has many fascinating real world implications. Let’s say we have a picture (for example, the Mona Lisa) and we take a copy of it. We can then do whatever we want to this copy—make it bigger, make it smaller, rotate it, crumple it up, anything. Brouwer’s Fixed Point Theorem says that if we put this copy overtop of our original picture, there has to be at least one point on the copy that is exactly overtop the same point on the original. It could be part of Mona’s eye, ear, or possible smile, but it has to exist.

This also works in three dimensions: imagine we have a glass of water, and we take a spoon and stir it up as much as we want. By Brouwer’s theorem, there will be at least one water molecule that is in the exact same place as it was before we started stirring.

 

 

8. Russell’s Paradox

 

100207-Logicomix

 

 

At the turn of the 20th century, a lot people were entranced by a new branch of math called Set Theory (which we’ll cover a bit later in this list). Basically, a set is a collection of objects. The thinking of the time was that anything could be turned into a set: The set of all types of fruit and the set of all US Presidents were both completely valid. Additionally, and this is important, sets can contain other sets (like the set of all sets in the preceding sentence). In 1901 famous mathematician Bertrand Russell made quite a splash when he realized that this way of thinking had a fatal flaw: namely, not anything can be made into a set.

Russell decided to get meta about things and described a set that contained all those sets which do not contain themselves. The set of all fruit doesn’t contain itself (the jury’s still out on whether it contains tomatoes), so it can be included in Russell’s set, along with many others. But what about Russell’s set itself? It doesn’t contain itself, so surely it should be included as well. But wait…now it DOES contain itself, so naturally we have to take it out. But we now we have to put it back…and so on. This logical paradox caused a complete reformation of Set Theory, one of the most important branches of math today.

 

 

7. Fermat’s Last Theorem

 

Proof-Of-Fermats-Last-Theorem

 

 

Remember Pythagoras’ theorem from school? It has to do with right-angled triangles, and says that the sum of the squares of the two shortest sides are equal to the square of the longest side (x squared + y squared = z squared). Pierre de Fermat’s most famous theorem is that this same equation is not true if you replace the squared with any number greater than 2 (you could not say x cubed +y cubed = z cubed, for example), as long as x, y, and z are positive whole numbers.

As Fermat himself wrote: “I have discovered a truly marvelous proof of this, which this margin is too narrow to contain.” That’s really too bad, because while Fermat posed this problem in 1637, it went unproven for quite a while. And by a while, I mean it was proven in 1995 (358 years later) by a man named Andrew Wiles.

 

 

6. The Doomsday Argument

 

Doomsday

 

 

It’s a fair assumption that most of the readers of this article are human beings. Being humans, this entry will be particularly sobering: math can be used to determine when our species will die out. Using probability, anyways.

The argument (which has been around for about 30 years and has been discovered and rediscovered a few times) basically says that humanity’s time is almost up. One version of the argument (attributed to astrophysicist J. Richard Gott) is surprisingly simple: If one considers the complete lifetime of the human species to be a timeline from birth to death, then we can determine where on that timeline we are now.

Since right now is just a random point in our existence as a species, then we can say with 95% accuracy that we are within the middle 95% of the timeline, somewhere. If we say that right now we are exactly 2.5% into human existence, we get the longest life expectancy. If we say we are 97.5% into human existence, that gives us the shortest life expectancy. This allows us to get a range of the expected lifespan of the human race. According to Gott, there’s a 95% chance that human beings will die out sometime between 5100 years and 7.8 million years from now. So there you go, humanity—better get on that bucket list.

 

 

5. Non-Euclidean Geometry

 

 

Geometry1

 

 

Another bit of math you may remember from school is geometry, which is the part of math where doodling in your notes was the point. The geometry most of us are familiar with is called Euclidean geometry, and it’s based on five rather simple self-evident truths, or axioms. It’s the regular geometry of lines and points that we can draw on a blackboard, and for a long time it was considered the only way geometry could work.

The problem, however, is that the self-evident truths that Euclid outlined over 2000 years ago weren’t so self-evident to everyone. There was one axiom (known as the parallel postulate) that never sat right with mathematicians, and for centuries many people tried to reconcile it with the other axioms. At the beginning of the 18th century a bold new approach was tried: the fifth axiom was simply changed to something else. Instead of destroying the whole system of geometry, a new one was discovered which is now called hyperbolic (or Bolyai-Lobachevskian) geometry. This caused a complete paradigm shift in the scientific community, and opened the gates for many different types of non-Euclidean geometry. One of the more prominent types is called Riemannian geometry, which is used to describe none other than Einstein’s Theory of Relativity (our universe, interestingly enough, doesn’t abide by Euclidean geometry!).

 

 

4. Euler’s Formula

 

Euler-Identity-Big-Inverted

 

Euler’s Formula is one of the most powerful results on this list, and it’s due to one of the most prolific mathematicians that ever lived, Leonhard Euler. He published over 800 papers throughout his life—many of them while blind.

His result looks quite simple at first glance: e^(i*pi)+1=0. For those that don’t know, both e and pi are mathematical constants which come up in all sorts of unexpected places, and i stands for the imaginary unit, a number which is equal to the square root of -1. The remarkable thing about Euler’s Formula is how it manages to combine five of the most important numbers in all of math (e, i, pi, 0, and 1) into such an elegant equation. It has been called by physicist Richard Feynman “the most remarkable formula in mathematics”, and its importance lies in its ability to unify multiple aspects of math.

 

3. Turing’s Universal Machine

 

Original-2

 

 

We live in a world that’s dominated by computers. You’re reading this list on a computer right now! It goes without saying that computers are one of the most important inventions of the 20th century, but it might surprise you to know that computers at their core begin in the realm of theoretical mathematics.

Mathematician (and also WW2 code-breaker) Alan Turing developed a theoretical object called a Turing Machine. A Turing Machine is like a very basic computer: it uses an infinite string of tape and 3 symbols (say 0, 1, and blank), and then operates given a set of instructions. Instructions could be to change a 0 to a 1 and move a space to the left, or to fill in a blank and move a space to the right (for example). In this way a Turing Machine could be used to perform any well-defined function.

Turing then went on to describe a Universal Turning Machine, which is a Turing Machine that can imitate any Turing Machine with any input. This is essentially the concept of a stored-program computer. Using nothing but math and logic, Turing created the field of computing science years before the technology was even possible to engineer a real computer.

 

 

2. Different Levels of Infinity

 

Infinity Art

 

 

Infinity is already a pretty difficult concept to grasp. Humans weren’t made to comprehend the never-ending, and for that reason Infinity has always been treated with caution by mathematicians. It wasn’t until the latter half of the 19th century that Georg Cantor developed the branch of math known as Set Theory (remember Russell’s paradox?), a theory which allowed him to ponder the true nature of Infinity. And what he found was truly mind-boggling.

As it turns out, whenever we imagine infinity, there’s always a different type of infinity that’s bigger than that. The lowest level of infinity is the amount of whole numbers (1,2,3…), and it’s a countable infinity. With some very elegant reasoning, Cantor determined that there’s another level of infinity after that, the infinity of all Real Numbers (1, 1.001, 4.1516…basically any number you can think of). That type of infinity is uncountable, meaning that even if you had all the time in the universe you could never list off all the Real Numbers in order without missing some. But wait—as it turns out, there’s even more levels of uncountable infinity after that. How many? An infinite number, of course.

 

 

1. Gödel’s Incompleteness Theorems

 

 

141039-G-Del-S-Incompleteness-Theorems

 

 

In 1931, Austrian mathematician Kurt Gödel proved two theorems which shook the math world to its very core, because together they showed something quite disheartening: math is not, and never will be, complete.

Without getting into the technical details, Gödel showed that in any formal system (such as a system of the natural numbers), there are certain true statements about the system which cannot be proven by the system itself. Fundamentally, he showed that it is impossible for an axiomatic system to be completely self-contained, which went against all previous mathematical assumptions. There will never be a closed system that contains all of mathematics—only systems that get bigger and bigger as we unsuccessfully try to make them complete.

THE 10 MOST SOCIALLY ADVANCED COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD

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#10 You’ll have a great life in Spain (if you can find a job).

Spain ranked 5th in Air, Water, And Sanitation but 27th in Shelter and 41st in Ecosystem Sustainability.

The country shined in regards to Opportunity, where it ranked 6th overall, 4th in Access to Higher Education, and 3rd in Equity and Inclusion.

The big issue for Spain is that 57.2% of under-25s are out of work, which means that frustrated youths are leaving in drove

#10 You'll have a great life in Spain (if you can find a job).

#9 France is above-average all around

 

France ranked 7th in Air, Water, And Sanitation but 14th in Shelter and 36th in Ecosystem Sustainability.

The country has middling ranks for Opportunity, where it ranked 11th overall. It ranks 8th for Personal Freedom and Choice and 11th for Personal Rights, but 15th for Equity and Inclusion and 14th in Access to Higher Education.

France’s social policy lurched forward this week when the country legalized gay marriage after a harsh debate.

#9 France is above-average all around.

#8 The Japanese feel safe and sheltered

 

Japan ranked 1st in Shelter and 4th in Personal Safety, but lagged in Air, Water, and Sanitation (10th), Nutrition (12th), and Health and Wellness (10th). It also ranked 40th in Ecosystem Sustainability.

The country performs well in Personal Rights, where it ranked 8th, but ranked 26th in Personal Freedom and Choice, 20th in Equity and Inclusion, and 15th in Access to Higher Education.

#8 The Japanese feel safe and sheltered.

#7 Australia gives individuals a long rope

 

Australia ranked 9th in Air, Water, And Sanitation and 4th in Nutrition and Basic Medical Care. However, it was 22nd in Shelter and 46th in Ecosystem Sustainability.

The country excelled in the Opportunity category, where it ranked 3rd overall, 3rd in Access to Higher Education, 1st in Personal Rights, and 6th in Equity and Inclusion

#7 Australia gives individuals a long rope.

 

 

#6 America’s higher education system promotes freedom

 

The U.S. lags in Basic Human Needs, ranking 13th in Air, Water, And Sanitation as well as Personal Safety, but improves in Shelter, where it’s ranked 5th. (Ranking 48th in Ecosystem Sustainability does not help any of this.)

The Land of the Free ranked first in Opportunity by having the top Access to Higher Education, 4th-ranked Equity and Inclusion, and 6th-ranked Personal Rights. However, it falls a little short in Personal Freedom and Choice at 7th.

#6 America's higher education system promotes freedom.

#5 Germany is a well-oiled machine

 

Germany performed well in Basic Human Needs, with rankings of 1st in Nutrition and Basic Medical Care, 2nd in Air, Water, and Sanitation, and 3rd in Shelter. But the economic giant ranked 39th in Ecosystem Sustainability.

The country underperformed in Opportunity, where it ranked 10th overall, 13th in Personal Rights, 17th in Access to Higher Education, and 11th in Equity and Inclusion. However it ranks 6th in Personal Freedom and Choice.

#5 Germany is a well-oiled machine.

# 4  Canada is a safe bet

 

Canada ranked 1st in Personal Safety but 8th in Nutrition and Medical Care and 15th in Air, Water, and Sanitation. And it ranked at 47th for Ecosystem Sustainability (remember the Alberta oil sands?).

The country excelled in Opportunity, where it was 4th overall, and 1st in Equity and Inclusion and Personal Rights, but 9th in Access to Higher Education.

# Canada is a safe bet.

#3 The Swiss have freedom but lack opportunities

Switzerland did relatively well in Basic Human Needs, ranking 1st in Personal Safety and 3rd in Nutrition/Medical Care, but lagging in Shelter, where it ranked 10th.

However, the country has mediocre ranks in Opportunity, where it’s 1st in Personal Rights but 12th in Equity and Inclusion and 16th in Access to Higher Education. Notably, it struggles with Access to Basic Knowledge, ranked 16th, compared to its 1st place ranking in Access to Info and Communications and 3rd place ranking in Health and Wellness.

#3 The Swiss have freedom but lack opportunities.

#2 The United Kingdom is clean and healthy

Social Progress Index: 2nd

The U.K. shines in Air Water and Sanitation, where it’s ranked 1st, but it’s 9th in Shelter, 10th in Personal Safety, and 11th in Nutrition and Basic Medical Care.

It also ranks 1st in Health And Wellness as well as Personal Rights while being 5th in Equity and Inclusion. It could improve in the other Opportunity categories, where it ranks 9th in Personal Freedom and Choice and 12th in Access to Higher Education.

#2 The United Kingdom is clean and healthy.

#1 Sweden is the most socially advanced country in the world

Sweden is ranked 1st in Personal Safety, 3rd in Air, Water, and Sanitation, and 4th in Nutrition and Basic Medical Care. However, it ranked 37th in Ecosystem Sustainability.

In terms of Opportunity, the Scandinavian country has stellar rankings — 2nd overall, 1st in Personal Freedom and Choice and Personal Rights, and 5th in Access to Higher Education. Its lowest score in this category is Equity and Inclusion, with a ranking of 7th.

#1 Sweden is the most socially advanced country in the world.

Top 10 Animated Movies in the 21st Century

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1. Toy Story 3

 

Image of Toy Story 3

The toys are mistakenly delivered to a day-care center instead of the attic right before Andy leaves for college, and it’s up to Woody to convince the other toys that they weren’t abandoned and to return home. (103 mins.)
Director: Lee Unkrich
Image of How to Train Your Dragon

 

A hapless young Viking who aspires to hunt dragons becomes the unlikely friend of a young dragon himself, and learns there may be more to the creatures than he assumed. (98 mins.)

Stars: Jay Baruchel, Gerard Butler, Christopher Mintz-Plasse, Craig

 

3. WALL·E

 

Image of WALL·E

 

In the distant future, a small waste collecting robot inadvertently embarks on a space journey that will ultimately decide the fate of mankind. (98 mins.)
Director: Andrew Stanton
4. Up
Image of Up
By tying thousands of balloons to his home, 78-year-old Carl sets out to fulfill his lifelong dream to see the wilds of South America. Russell, a wilderness explorer 70 years younger, inadvertently becomes a stowaway. (96 mins.)
Image of Ratatouille
With dreams of becoming a chef, a culinary genius in the form of a rat, makes an unusual alliance with a young kitchen worker at a famed restaurant. (111 mins.)
Image of The Simpsons Movie
After Homer accidentally pollutes the town’s water supply, Springfield is encased in a gigantic dome by the EPA and the Simpsons family are declared fugitives. (87 mins.)
Director: David Silverman
7. Rango
Image of Rango
Rango is an ordinary chameleon who accidentally winds up in the town of Dirt, a lawless outpost in the Wild West in desperate need of a new sheriff. (107 mins.)
Director: Gore Verbinski
Image of Despicable Me
When a criminal mastermind uses a trio of orphan girls as pawns for a grand scheme, he finds their love is profoundly changing him for the better. (95 mins.)
Image of Tangled
The magically long-haired Rapunzel has spent her entire life in a tower, but now that a runaway thief has stumbled upon her, she is about to discover the world for the first time, and who she really is. (100 mins.)
Image of Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs
The most delicious event since macaroni met cheese. Inspired by the beloved children’s book, the film focuses on a town where food falls from the sky like rain. (90 mins.)

New Seven Wonders of Nature in the World

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1.  Amazon: South America

 

The Amazon Rainforest (Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela), also known as Amazonia, the Amazon jungle or the Amazon Basin, encompasses seven million square kilometers (1.7 billion acres), though the forest itself occupies some 5.5 million square kilometers (1.4 billion acres), located within nine nations. The Amazon represents over half of the planet’s remaining rainforests and comprises the largest and most species-rich tract of tropical rainforest in the world. The Amazon River is the largest river in the world by volume, with a total flow greater than the top ten rivers worldwide combined. It accounts for approximately one-fifth of the total world river flow and has the biggest drainage basin on the planet. Not a single bridge crosses the Amazon.

 

 

2. Ha Long Bay: Vietnam

 

Ha Long Bay is located in Quáng Ninh province, Vietnam. The bay features thousands of limestone karsts and isles in various sizes and shapes. The bay has a 120 kilometre long coastline and is approximately 1,553 square kilometres in size with 1969 islets. Several of the islands are hollow, with enormous caves, other support floating villages of fishermen, who ply the shallow waters for 200 species of fish and 450 different kinds of mollusks. Another specific feature of Halong Bay is the abundance of lakes inside the limestone islands, for example, Dau Be island has six enclosed lakes. All these island lakes occupy drowned dolines within fengcong karst.

 

 

3. Iguazu Falls: Argentina/Brazil

 

Iguazu Falls, in Iguazu River, are one of the world’s largest waterfalls. They extend over 2,700 m (nearly 2 miles)  in a semi-circular shape.  Of the 275 falls that collectively make up Iguassu Falls, “Devil’s Throat” is the tallest at 80 m in height. Iguazu Falls are on the border between the Brazilian state of Paraná and the Argentine province of Misiones, and are surrounded by two National Parks (BR/ARG). Both are subtropical rainforests that are host to hundreds of rare and endangered species of flora and fauna.

 

 

4. Jeju Island: South Korea

 

Jejudo is a volcanic island, 130 km from the southern coast of Korea. The largest island and smallest province in Korea, the island has a surface area of 1,846 sqkm. A central feature of Jeju is Hallasan, the tallest mountain in South Korea and a dormant volcano, which rises 1,950 m above sea level. 360 satellite volcanoes are around the main volcano.

 

 

5.  Komodo: Indonesia

 

Indonesia’s Komodo National Park includes the three larger islands Komodo, Rinca and Padar, as well as numerous smaller ones, for a total area of 1,817 square kilometers (603 square kilometers of it land). The national park was founded in 1980 to protect the Komodo dragon. Later, it was also dedicated to protecting other species, including marine animals. The islands of the national park are of volcanic origin.

 

 

6. PP Underground River: Philippines

 

The Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park is located about 50 km north of the city of Puerto Princesa, Palawan, Philippines. It features a limestone karst mountain landscape with an 8.2 km. navigable underground river. A distinguishing feature of the river is that it winds through a cave before flowing directly into the South China Sea. It includes major formations of stalactites and stalagmites, and several large chambers. The lower portion of the river is subject to tidal influences. The underground river is reputed to be the world’s longest. At the mouth of the cave, a clear lagoon is framed by ancient trees growing right to the water’s edge. Monkeys, large monitor lizards, and squirrels find their niche on the beach near the cave.

 

 

7.  Table Mountain: South Africa

Table Mountain

 

Table Mountain is a South African icon and the only natural site on the planet to have a constellation of stars named after it – Mensa, meaning “the table.” The flat-topped mountain has withstood six million years of erosion and hosts the richest, yet smallest floral kingdom on earth with over 1,470 floral species. Table Mountain boasts numerous rare and endangered species. It is the most recognized site in Cape Town, the gateway to Africa, owing to its unique flat-topped peaks which reach 1,086 m above sea level.

New Seven Wonders of The World

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1.  Christ Redeemer: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

This statue of Jesus stands some 38 meters tall, atop the Corcovado mountain overlooking Rio de Janeiro. Designed by Brazilian Heitor da Silva Costa and created by French sculptor Paul Landowski, it is one of the world’s best-known monuments. The statue took five years to construct and was inaugurated on October 12, 1931. It has become a symbol of the city and of the warmth of the Brazilian people, who receive visitors with open arms.

 

2. Great Wall of China: China

The Great Wall of China was built to link existing fortifications into a united defense system and better keep invading Mongol tribes out of China. It is the largest man-made monument ever to have been built and it is disputed that it is the only one visible from space. Many thousands of people must have given their lives to build this colossal construction.

 

3. Machu Picchu: Peru

In the 15th century, the Incan Emperor Pachacútec built a city in the clouds on the mountain known as Machu Picchu (“old mountain”). This extraordinary settlement lies halfway up the Andes Plateau, deep in the Amazon jungle and above the Urubamba River. It was probably abandoned by the Incas because of a smallpox outbreak and, after the Spanish defeated the Incan Empire, the city remained ‘lost’ for over three centuries. It was rediscovered by Hiram Bingham in 1911.

 

4. Petra: Jordan

On the edge of the Arabian Desert, Petra was the glittering capital of the Nabataean empire of King Aretas IV (9 B.C. to 40 A.D.). Masters of water technology, the Nabataeans provided their city with great tunnel constructions and water chambers. A theater, modelled on Greek-Roman prototypes, had space for an audience of 4,000. Today, the Palace Tombs of Petra, with the 42-meter-high Hellenistic temple facade on the El-Deir Monastery, are impressive examples of Middle Eastern culture.

 

5. Pyramid at Chichén Itzá: Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico

Chichén Itzá, the most famous Mayan temple city, served as the political and economic center of the Mayan civilization. Its various structures – the pyramid of Kukulkan, the Temple of Chac Mool, the Hall of the Thousand Pillars, and the Playing Field of the Prisoners – can still be seen today and are demonstrative of an extraordinary commitment to architectural space and composition. The pyramid itself was the last, and arguably the greatest, of all Mayan temples.

 

6. Roman Colosseum: Rome, Italy

This great amphitheater in the centre of Rome was built to give favors to successful legionnaires and to celebrate the glory of the Roman Empire. Its design concept still stands to this very day, and virtually every modern sports stadium some 2,000 years later still bears the irresistible imprint of the Colosseum’s original design. Today, through films and history books, we are even more aware of the cruel fights and games that took place in this arena, all for the joy of the spectators.

 

7. Taj Mahal: Agra, India

This immense mausoleum was built on the orders of Shah Jahan, the fifth Muslim Mogul emperor, to honor the memory of his beloved late wife. Built out of white marble and standing in formally laid-out walled gardens, the Taj Mahal is regarded as the most perfect jewel of Muslim art in India. The emperor was consequently jailed and, it is said, could then only see the Taj Mahal out of his small cell window.